Livestock rearing is the core business undertaken in the lowlands in addition to subsistence farming for areas outside the ranch or the national park. However, livestock has not really been undertaken on a really commercial scale as expected due to low capitalisation. This may be attributed to low share contributions from shareholders, and lack of skills for resource mobilisation. Currently, most of the ranches have been leased to traders from Mombasa and North-eastern at low rates with a good number of them having squatters and illegal grazers. Illegal activities such as mining and charcoal burning to trade in wild meat are taking grip